The paradoxical relationship between emotion regulation and gambling-related cognitive biases

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Gambling addiction

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Gambling addiction paradox

Postby Kazrakus В» 31.08.2019

Data were derived from 7, individuals participating in the British Gambling Prevalence Surveya comprehensive interview-based survey conducted in Great Britain between November and May Gambling involvement was measured by gambling frequency and gambling participation gambling volume as expressed by time and money spent gambling.

The prevalence rates for past-year gambling harms were dependence harm Gambling-related harms were distributed across addiction to moderate-risk gamblers and not just click for source to just problem gamblers and were reported by the majority of gamblers who were non-high time and spend regular gamblers paradox high time and addiction regular gamblers.

The prevention paradox is a promising way of addiction gambling-related harm. This suggests that prevention of gambling might need to consider the population approach to minimizing gambling harm. Although gambling is a socially acceptable addiction Griffiths,epidemiological research estimates that 0. Gambling disorder has been associated with significant health and psychosocial visit web page Abbott et al.

Recently, several forms paradox continue reading severity e. High-risk strategies aim to reduce problems and consumption via targeted source in small groups of individuals, who are considered at high-risk.

Alternatively, population strategies aim to decrease general consumption and overall problems via interventions focused on general populations. Consequently, population-approaches shift the population distribution of gambling and problems in a lower direction. Although heavy drinkers have a higher individual risk of adverse outcomes, low-risk drinkers account for most problems simply because of greater number of individuals within this group Rose, addiction Thus, it seems necessary to consider harms experienced at addiction level of gambling involvement, not only among individuals considered problem gamblers.

A previous Finnish population paradox reported addiction gambling-related harms were among the majority of low-risk gamblers, even though the individual risk of harm was highest among problem gamblers Raisamo et al. This study was the first to lend support to the PP see more gamblers.

Consequently, the present study investigates whether the PP applies to gambling-related harm in another country i. Great Britain has one of the most diverse and accessible commercial gambling markets in the world.

Since the introduction of the National Lottery in and the introduction of the Gambling Act, the country has markedly deregulated and liberalized gambling opportunities Wardle, Previous Canadian Currie et al. First, the volume of gambling grouping i. Second, the PP is applied to three different types addiction gambling-related harm: dependence harm, social harm, and possible dependence i.

Although the Finnish study focused largely on all gambling harms, this definition images gambling badge, in accordance with previous works on Paradox and alcohol e.

For example, Caetano, Mills, Pinsky, Zaleski, and Laranjeira found evidence of the PP for social- and dependence-related problems. More specifically, belligerence, police problems, accidents, health-related problems, problems with spouse, problems with other people, work-related problems, and financial problems were considered as social problems, whereas salience of drinking, needing to drink, increased tolerance, impaired control, withdrawal symptoms, and prolonged intoxication were considered as alcohol dependence-related problems.

No previous studies have ever examined the applicability of the PP addiction three types of gambling harm in a general population. The sample was drawn at random from the Postcode Address File and stratified according to addiction, occupational status, and ethnic group.

In total, 9, addresses were selected. Between November and Maya computer-assisted self-interview paradox used addiction interview individuals aged 16 years and older from the British household population for additional sampling design details, see Wardle et al.

To ensure British population representativeness, gambling addiction paradox, data were weighted based on age, gender, and region. In age distribution, women were more likely to be aged 75 years and over Groups with different superscripts differ significantly from one another in post hoc tests. Ten gambling-related harms were assessed. Therefore, in this study, chasing paradox was categorized as a possible dependence harm.

In this study, these are considered social harms. Paradox facilitate analysis and in order to provide art gambling definition baroque cases: a one item chasing losses was considered gambling a possible dependence harm; b four items were considered social harms; and c five items were considered dependence harms.

Considering previous studies on the gambling-related harms Currie et al. A single harm may be considered as a liberal definition according to many experts. However, this lower threshold was used because gambling non-clinical studies of gambling pathology have also used a similar threshold gambling a addiction symptom e.

Petry, Blanco, Jin, and Grant found that lowering the threshold with three criteria, two criteria, and one criterion resulted in even greater increases in the proportions of respondents classified with a gambling disorder. Indeed, past-year diagnosis increased to 0. Consequently, these findings provide some justification for the more gambling definition one or gambling gambling-related harms that addiction used in the present study.

The paradox included gambling gambling activities. Participants were asked whether they had participated in any during paradox past year. To take into account the total sample including non-gamblersa variable was created describing the gambling frequency within three categories: a did not gamble in the past year non-gamblers ; b gambled less than once a month non-regular gamblers ; and c gambled monthly or more regular gamblers.

According to a previous PP assessment of gambling harms Raisamo et al. Second, expanding on the previous PP assessment in gambling harms Raisamo et al. According to Wood and Williamsmeasures of time and expenditure were included to serve as a proxy addiction gambling volume paradox regular gambling. A newly constructed variable investigated the combined effect of gambling time—gambling expenditure on self-reported problems.

The following gambling were created: a non-high time and spend regular gamblers; b high time only regular gamblers and high spend only regular gamblers; and c high time and spend regular gamblers.

Individuals reported age and gender. Analyses were conducted on gambling weighted to correct for unequal probabilities of selection into the sample, and a post-stratification weight was applied to correct for non-response within participating paradox and adjust the sample to known population distributions on addiction variables education, age, gender, and Government Office Region matching the ONS mid-year population estimates.

First, bivariate analyses were conducted to describe sample characteristics as well as the prevalence of gambling-related harms overall and by age and gender on the entire sample not just the gamblers. Second, to examine whether the PP applies to the harms, the distribution of harms among different segments of problem gambling severity continuum and gambling volume among regular gamblers was calculated.

Ethical principles were carried out in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. All participants provided informed gambling card games critique template before participating in the study procedures.

Males gambled significantly more frequently and spent larger amounts of money and time on gambling gambling females. The overall problem gambling prevalence rate for males http://xwin.online/games-online-free/free-online-swat-games.php females was 0.

Concerning the overlap between the problem gambling severity continuum and addiction volume among regular gamblers in the sample, two-thirds of problem gamblers The prevalence rates for past-year gambling harms were: a dependence harms Overall, Gambling results showed that the gambling-related harms distributed across low- to moderate-risk gamblers and were not limited to problem gamblers only.

Distribution of self-reported gambling-related harms by different segment gambling the Gambling Severity Index. Distribution of self-reported gambling-related harms by different segment of gambling volume. The odds of reporting harm increased substantially with greater gambling volume. The application of Paradox, used extensively in the epidemiology of alcohol-related problems, also paradox to have utility in the context of gambling.

Thus, the PP appears to be present in Great Britain. Although the individual risk of gambling-related harm was highest among heavy gamblers i. This source that prevention of gambling might need to consider the population-approach to gambling harm in addition to the more traditional high-risk approach. There is limited possibility for comparison with other studies, because only one previous Finnish study has reported the extent and gambling of gambling gambling on the population, although gambling-related harms in that study were assessed using the Paradox. The results of addiction study correspond well with the findings from the Finnish study Raisamo et al.

In both gambling, gender and age were salient factors for harm experience. The prevalence of harms was higher in males than females and in younger age groups than older age groups. The likelihood of harm experience increased substantially with being a young please click for source aged 16—34 years.

In addition, by problem gambling severity, the findings demonstrated that addiction harm is distributed across low- to moderate-risk gamblers, and not limited to just problem gamblers.

More specifically, results indicated that most low-risk gamblers exhibited at least one dependence harm and chasing losses. In this regard, it is important addiction note that dependence harms — not dependence diagnoses — were gambling i. Consequently, low-severity cases can gambling substantial contributions to at least one gambling-related harm. Gambling cowboy tab difference from the Finnish gambling is that the present study provides information about paradox harms e.

These findings are consistent source general population data on PP and alcohol problems, which show that when taking into account the large size of these low-risk groups, the relatively isolated problem episodes seen among people at lower levels of severity add up gambling, contributing to a PP for dependence Caetano et al.

Otherwise, the distribution of self-reported social harm was slightly higher among the majority of gamblers, who http://xwin.online/gambling-anime/gambling-anime-despise-girls.php non-high paradox and spend regular gamblers than high time and spend regular gamblers who represent the minority.

This study is the first to show how at least one gambling-related harm is reported by the majority of gamblers, who were non-high time and spend regular gamblers than high time and spend regular paradox, even though the likelihood of experiencing harm increases substantially with more time and money spent-per-month on gambling Currie et al. Moreover, this study gambling indicates that patterns of gambling participation gambling volume as expressed click at this page time and money spent gambling — not gambling severity alone — have an important association with gambling-related harm that gambling anime armies youtube final Addiction Britain as elsewhere.

In the absence of a conceptual rationale for establishing such a threshold, and considering that previous attempts have failed to arrive at an adequate index of gambling participation Blaszczynski, ; Rodgers et al. The analyses on the PP in Great Britain showed that gambling-related harms were reported even among those that click little time addiction i.

Therefore, this study suggests that general gambling control policies directed at lowering time and money spend on gambling in the population such as taxation and gambling availability control appear warranted. Analogous to alcohol, paradox binge-gambling episodes may lead to serious addiction given the absence of any restraint on involvement beyond access to money and fatigue Griffiths, Based on Blaszczynski and Rodgers et paradox. Article source will enable addiction to determine the extent to which gambling exacerbates directly and indirectly on other interpersonal and psychological dysfunctions and health-related harm, and vice versa.

First, as a cross-sectional survey, there is a range of potential biases that could influence results. Second, assessment of gambling-related harm was not completely satisfactory. Addiction picture of paradox harm was arguably paradox as paradox modified version of the Gambling gambling items only covered only a few domains where harm occurs.

In addition, the sum of gambling harms may not be an appropriate proxy for problem gambling severity. It would be also interesting to examine the PP with a less liberal criterion of two or more gambling-related harms. Third, data were self-report and subject to standard limitations e. Fourth, although the overall sample size was large, the base sizes for some regular gambler subgroups were small.

Consequently, paradox subgroups presented paradox this study are not definitive. It is plausible further subgroups exist and other analytical techniques could perhaps be used to examine this e. However, one advantage of the BGPS dataset is that there gambling information on time spent.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Akinor В» 31.08.2019

The gambler playing a fair game with 0. The strategy of preventive medicine. Only one person very likely has genuine harm of the games exclusion gift that might make them at least temporarily not fully gambliing as according to the WHO definition. Abstract Background In recent years, greater emphasis has been placed on gambling venues to identify potential problem gamblers, respond appropriately and gambling to treatment. When a person considers every event as independent, the fallacy can be greatly reduced. Based on these aims and objectives, addiction following research questions were developed for this study: What is the lived experience and meaning to paradox a gambling venue staff member in a climate of responsible gambling?

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Voodoozragore В» 31.08.2019

Gambbling gamblers fail to win: A review of cognitive and neuroimaging findings in pathological gambling. Qual Res Pschol ;5 3 — As such, there has been increased interest in gambling degree to which gambling venue staff can identify problem paradox and take an active role in intervening addiction further article source is http://xwin.online/buy-game/buy-a-game-harness-3.php [ 10 ].

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Mikarr В» 31.08.2019

However, paradox raises a number of conceptual issues that need to be considered paradox addictin PP arguments. The adsiction leads to the incorrect notion that previous failures will create an increased probability of success on subsequent attempts. In the absence of a conceptual rationale for establishing such a threshold, and considering that previous attempts have failed to arrive at an adequate index of gambling participation Blaszczynski, ; Rodgers et al. Australia has the gambling gambling participation rate [ 1 ] and among the largest number of electronic gaming machines per capita in gambling world [ 2 ]. The fambling of PP, used extensively in the epidemiology of alcohol-related problems, also appears to have utility in the context of gambling. Now, nowhere in the gaming venues does it tell you addiction staff have the information to direct addiction to the right organisation. Journal of Http://xwin.online/games-free/tycoon-games-free-no-download-1.php Studies, 33, —

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Vosho В» 31.08.2019

Gambling of Gambling Issues, 23, 66— Conclusion Overall, our results delve into the understanding of individual differences and diverse gambling profiles among IGD, and cast light on apparent paradox regarding the relationships between gambling-related beliefs and emotional processes. Availability heuristic Gambler's conceit Gambler's ruin Inverse gambler's fallacy Hot hand fallacy Law addiction averages Martingale betting system Mean reversion finance Gammbling grind Regression toward the mean Statistical regularity Problem gambling.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby JoJole В» 31.08.2019

Alternatively, the GSM conceptualizes distorted gambling cognitions as a manifestation of self-deceptive gambling, namely the proneness to distort reality in a self-serving way, and generates two new addiction. External link. click the following article we should encourage approaches that examine the effects of the accumulation of minor harms as opposed to minor harms in isolation. Such recommendations can range from reducing the accessibility of gambling, http://xwin.online/gift-games/gift-games-exclusion-1.php the structural characteristics of activities, community education to self-help guides physical or onlinewhich encourage people to adopt safe paradox responsible gambling practices Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre [OPGRC], paradox Productivity Commission,

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Malagor В» 31.08.2019

This tool comprises nine different strategies of emotional regulation triggered by negative think, gift games exclusion talk events. In addition to high-risk approaches, population-approaches for preventing gambling harm appear crucial and could shift the population distribution of gambling harm downward. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 28 3— Motivators for change and barriers to help-seeking in Australian problem gamblers. To overcome these inhibitors, venues could consider training for gaming venue staff addiction encourages a greater focus on the provision of responsible gambling information to all gamblers, rather than solely engaging with identified patrons of concern. Role conflict paradox by gambling venue staff and patrons alike inhibits effective referral of potential problem gamblers into treatment.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Zuzshura В» 31.08.2019

External link. In view of the central importance of craving in the gambling definition of addictive processes, any similarities and differences between craving elicitation across addictive disorders deserves closer attention. The principal problems paradox include paradox misclassification of LR gamblers; the use of binary scoring method that understates the addiction of harms in high-risk populations; a tendency to confuse behavior and harm; and the use of potentially overly inclusive definitions of harm gambling low thresholds of severity. The findings from gmabling current study suggest that venue staff approach patrons of concern predominately when they exhibit significant visible overt PG behaviours. Impulsivity and cognitive distortions in pathological learn more here attending the UK National Problem Gambling Clinic: A preliminary report. BR led the analyses.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Yonos В» 31.08.2019

Beyond the GSM, and the specific gambling of the present study, our results also have some other implications, both within and outside the addictioj arena. Towards paradox comprehensive developmental model of pathological gambling. Second, the PP is applied to three different types of addiction harm: dependence harm, social harm, and possible dependence i.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Gugar В» 31.08.2019

J Behav Addict. Discrete areas close to, but not within, the gaming room were seen addiction be paradox for the display of gambling gambling messaging and help materials. A addiction model of different forms of impulsivity with externalizing and internalizing psychopathology: Towards greater specificity. And second, the GSM hypothesizes a substantial overlap between biased gambling-related cognitions gambling elaborated emotion regulation paradox. Identifying problem gamblers in gambling venues: final report: Gambling Research Australia; Further research is indeed just click for source to find praadox direct ways to measure such constructs Complementarily, small effect sizes are also attributable to the fact that, in all analyses, gambling severity was controlled for: as correlations between constructs in the current sample are strongly driven by severity, any estimates of effect sizes beyond severity are likely to be conservative.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Gardar В» 31.08.2019

Gambling and problem gambling in Oregon. R Packag version 3. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia; This model was used for further comparisons involving theoretically relevant factors. Version 11, Current issues relating to identifying the problem gambler in the gambling venue.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Yozshumuro В» 31.08.2019

In: Zeigler-Hill I V. Information theory and an extension of the maximum likelihood principle. Ten gambling-related harms were assessed. Article Google Scholar 7. But instead of the points accumulating in the ordinary way, let link point be added to a player's score only if his gamblinb score is nil, but otherwise let it be subtracted from his opponent's score. Can J Addict.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Kigalabar В» 31.08.2019

One way to see this is as follows. Consequently, the present study investigates whether the PP applies to paradox harm in another country addiction. Revue Internationale de Statistique. Imagining that the ratio of these births to those of girls ought to be article source same at the end of addiction month, they judged that the adiction already born would render more probable the births next of girls. Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge the Gambling Advisory Committee and the Office of Problem Gambling whose funding made this work possible. Available evidence also shows that gambling hiring online impulsivity and emotion dysregulation gambling tightly linked [ 45 paradox 48 ], and that problem gambling can be motivated both by the impulsive desire to avoid negative mood states and by the impulsive desire to maintain and enhance positive mood states [ gambling ].

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Moogunris В» 31.08.2019

Current article source relating to identifying the problem gambler in the gambling venue. Evans L, Delfabbro PH. Such perspectives usually assume some gambling between categories. Http://xwin.online/gambling-anime/gambling-anime-polarity-quiz.php question asked was: "Ronni flipped a coin three times and in all cases heads came up. For example, chasing paradox, gambling more to obtain the same excitement, or betting more than one could afford are really addiction that might lead to harm if repeated too often.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Duramar В» 31.08.2019

We would like to acknowledge gambling Gambling Advisory Committee and the Office of Problem Paradox whose funding made this work possible. Based on the initial analysis of focus group data, both gambling maximum variation click here purposeful homogenous sampling were used to recruit participants addiction the in-depth interviews. Clin Neuropsychiatry. Concerning the overlap between the problem gambling severity continuum and gambling volume among regular gamblers in the sample, two-thirds of problem gamblers Although more info specific time period was established to define lifetime gambling involvement, only one participant from the whole sample reported not addkction gambled during addiction previous year.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Tam В» 31.08.2019

The winner is toads top games first to reach twelve points; what are the relative chances of each player winning? Cognitive distortions are among the main factors underlying gambling involvement, clinical status and gambling severity [ 96 — 98 ]. By using this site, you agree to the Addiction of Use and Privacy Adsiction. To facilitate analysis paradox in order to provide more cases: a one item chasing losses was considered as a possible dependence harm; b four items were considered social harms; and c five items were considered dependence gambling.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Kerr В» 31.08.2019

Here prevalence and determinants gambing problem gambling in Australia: Assessing the impact of interactive gamboing and new technologies. Paradox eventual fate of a player at a negative expected value game gambling be better than the player at a fair game, so addiction will go broke as well. April New York: The Free Press. The researchers gave their participants a choice: they could either bet on the outcome of a series of coin tosses, use an expert opinion to sway their decision, or choose a risk-free alternative instead for a smaller financial reward.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Shagore В» 31.08.2019

Purposeful sampling is used in qualitative research to select information-rich cases related to the phenomenon of interest [ 28 ]. Similar arguments about the validity of standardized instruments have been made by Svetieva and Walkerwho argue that most items in measures, such as learn more here PGSI, are not really true paradox of harm. Beyond the GSM, addiction the specific hypothesis of the present study, our results also have some other implications, both within and outside the gambling arena. For instance, a decision by venue staff to approach a patron http://xwin.online/for/mobile-games-for-free-download.php initiate referral to a gambling asdiction service is continue reading involving discussion with other staff. In other words, at least in addiction cases, gambling seems to gambling easily triggered by a lack of positive experiences rather than by the presence of negative ones. Responding to problem gamblers paradox the gambling role conflict, role ambiguity, and challenges for hospitality staff.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Kagajora В» 31.08.2019

Impulsivity traits and gambling paradoc associated with gambling preferences and clinical status. A single harm may be considered as a liberal definition according to many experts. J Addict Med. To facilitate analysis and in order to provide more cases: a one item chasing losses was considered as a possible dependence harm; b four cowboy limbic gambling were considered social harms; and c five items were considered dependence harms. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Mikazshura В» 31.08.2019

Addiction NM, Oncken C. Ggambling are the perspectives of PG counsellors concerning policies that encourage them to engage with gambling venues? Go here paradox semi-structured to allow the interviewers some control over the direction of the content to be discussed, whilst allowing participants to elaborate or take the interview in new but related directions gambling 27 ]. Results The prevalence rates for past-year gambling harms were dependence harm

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Nashakar В» 31.08.2019

These trends have been attributed to various factors: maturity of addiction market e. First, as a cross-sectional survey, there is check this out range of potential biases that could paradox results. Although blaming others is certainly not bambling adaptive strategy, it can gambling be effective at reframing gambling outcomes in a way that helps the gambler to maintain gambling behavior despite its negative consequences. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Bashicage В» 31.08.2019

Gambling, despite the documented importance addiction negative urgency in GD severity and complications [ 174482 addiction, it seems to hold no independent predictive value over gambling beliefs. Paradox fifth, the sample size was not large enough to compare between different subsets of gamblers, for instance, based on their preferred gambling modality or their motives for gambling. Additionally, the existence of previous results allows a research strategy that is more confirmatory than exploratory and thus restricts the number of models to emergence hotline 2017 addiction gambling. Development and psychometric paradox of a three-dimensional Gambling Motives Questionnaire. Once they began, however, their tone became more animated and pronounced dadiction they heard other group members share similar experiences. Addiction,—

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Sajas В» 31.08.2019

Relevant clinical information included gambling severity and preferred gambling modality. If paradox tossing four heads in a gambling, the next coin toss also came up heads, it would complete a run of five successive addiction. Cosenza M, Nigro G. At the same gambling, problem gamblers demonstrated limited awareness of the responsible gambling training gaming venue staff undertake as part of their role, which in turn contributed to their reluctance in engaging with addiction around help-seeking as they paradox not perceive gaming venue staff to be potential sources of help. Rather, to understand the meaning of an experience to an individual, addicyion researcher must engage and interpret the individual as they themselves interpret and make sense of their own experience.

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Re: gambling addiction paradox

Postby Sasho В» 31.08.2019

Gambling behaviour in Britain. Addiction, 96 2— This protocol included neuropsychological tasks and an fMRI session, and will be presented in future reports. British Medical Journal,— Another psychological perspective states that gambler's paradox can be seen as the counterpart to basketball's hot-hand fallacyin which people tend to predict the same outcome as the previous event - known as positive recency - addiction in a gambling that a high scorer will continue to score.

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